Your spine is made up of bones cushioned by discs. If one of the discs in your lower back herniates, or moves out of position, it can put pressure on nerves that go from your spine down your legs, or sciatica.
The majority of patients with sciatica get better without surgery within a few weeks. Your doctor can diagnose the condition and give you details on how to use anti-inflammatory drugs, ice, heat, and exercise to help manage the pain. Your doctor may give you a steroid injection or may recommend physical therapy.
If you've had pain for several months that isn't getting better, your doctor may recommend surgery. The surgery may remove part of the bone and the disc that are putting pressure on the nerve, and use a bone graft and metal hardware to replace them.