If bones are broken but are still in position, a cast can keep everything steady while the bones heal without surgery.
Braces and walking boots are common to relieve pressure on parts of the foot and ankle and to keep the joints aligned while healing occurs.
Orthotics, or shoe inserts, are another way of providing support to the foot and ankle. They may be bought at a store or custom-made for a specific person.
Icing inflamed joints can help reduce inflammation, as can anti-inflammatory medications and steroid injections.
For many conditions, these non-operative treatments are tried before surgery.