Surgical Information

Flat Foot Reconstruction

What is flat foot reconstruction?

Flat foot reconstruction is surgery to alleviate pain, improve alignment and restore function in patients whose arches have partially or totally collapsed. Surgical reconstruction of flat foot is performed in patients with an arch collapse that is still flexible (the arch flattens only when weight is applied).

There is a variety of surgical techniques to correct flat foot. It's important to consult a qualified foot and ankle surgeon to determine the treatment that is most appropriate for you. Surgical options include:

  • Arthrodesis (fusing the foot or ankle bones together)
  • Osteotomy cutting or shaving the bone
  • Tendon transfer
  • Synovectomy cleaning the tendon coverings
  • Bone graft to help your arch rise more naturally.


The foot is extremely complex, with 28 bones and more than 30 joints. Tough bands of tissue, called ligaments, keep the bones and joints in place and allow the complex movements needed for motion and balance. The Achilles tendon connects the heel to the calf muscle and is essential for running, jumping and standing on tiptoe.

When is surgery recommended?

If you have foot pain that limits your everyday activities, and all non-surgical methods of treatment have failed – including activity modification, weight loss, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections, and custom orthotics and shoe modifications – then you should consider flat foot reconstruction surgery.

What is the recovery time?

Recovery time varies depending on the procedure performed. Minimally invasive approaches and refined surgical techniques have dramatically reduced recovery time. For these patients, the typical recovery period is now weeks rather than months. With proper correction and rehabilitation, most patients return to active lifestyles.