As martial arts gain popularity, especially among youth, it is important to be aware of and take preventative measures against injuries. There are many benefits to participating in martial arts, such as increased muscle strength, flexibility, and balance. Martial arts can also have a positive effect on mental health, increasing self-awareness, self-esteem, and cognitive awareness.


Concussions are a common injury in martial arts. Karate, Taekwondo, Muay Thai, and Sanshou are some of the martial art disciplines that involve striking and are more likely to cause injury to the face/head. A concussion can occur from a blow directly to the head, or from falling and hitting the head. Another common injury is lacerations to the face. This can also be caused from a hit or kick to the face.


Several types of martial arts can cause injury to the joints, particularly the knee and elbow. These injuries occur mostly in the submission-predominant disciplines of martial arts such as Jiu-Jitsu and Judo. Joint injuries can occur from takedowns, throws, submission holds, and joint lockdowns. Joint lockdown involves hyperextending an opponent’s joint to subdue them.


Strains and sprains are one of the most common injuries in martial arts and are usually caused from being struck, kicked, thrown, and falling. Ligaments are more likely to be sprained by repeating acts such as kicking and punching, especially the hamstring and wrist. A groin strain is one of the most common martial art injuries because many disciplines incorporate kicking in their technique.


  • Warm up and cool down by stretching.
  • Protect against blows and falls with soft padding on the arms, legs, chest, and abdomen.
  • Wear helmets, eye protection, and mouth guards to prevent injury to the head and face.
  • Monitor the number of days spent training.
  • Drink plenty of water and staying hydrated.